Juliusz Łuciuk: Children’s Improvisations for piano

Music from Chopin’s Land.
In 2020 I was commissioned to record five short films showcasing piano music from PWM Edition. Captivated by the music, I asked to see a wider selection. This series was written independently to introduce this wonderful Polish repertoire to a wider audience…

Of the many excellent educational books in the PWM Edition “cat” range for young learners, Julius Łuciuk’s Children’s Improvisations for Piano is one of the most striking in every sense, from the stunning cover to the extraordinary music within.

In this article I will introduce the book, as well as including the PWM tutorial video featuring my French colleague and friend Ernestine Bluteau (with English subtitles).


The Music

One of the leading Polish composers of his generation though too-little known outside his homeland, Juliusz Łuciuk (1927-2020) was particularly active as a composer of vocal and choral music between the 1950-90’s.

A student of Nadia Boulanger, Max Deutsch and Olivier Messiaen, Łuciuk was an experimental pioneer who later turned to “neotonic” composition. A significant body of his works have religious themes.

Juliusz Łuciuk, photo: Mariusz Makowski/Archiwum PWM

PWM Edition published three significant piano works of his in the 1960’s: the Lirica de timbri in 1963 which includes five compositions for prepared piano (performed by striking the piano strings with drum sticks), 4 Sonatine of 1966-9, which begin tonally and move through chromaticism increasingly into dissonance, and preceding these the Children’s Improvisations in 1962.

The Children’s Improvisations for Piano collection certainly provides a striking introduction to atonality, dissonant modernism, experimental music and aleatoric technique. It is suitable for intermediate players (around UK Grades 3-4), but could be used/adapted with young players of any level.

The eight pieces are each one page long, offering the player a few musical cells and in some (but not all) cases, instructions as to the performance.

Integral to their appeal are the titles, which will have obvious resonance for children today as much as they did in the 1960’s:

  1. Changing Colours
  2. A Sound-wheel
  3. A Magic Clock
  4. A Moon Rocket
  5. An Obstinate Little Bee
  6. The Frog’s Band
  7. A Mysterious Waterfall
  8. An Evening Party of Birds

But whereas such titles are common elsewhere as the basis for interpreting a composer’s written music, here they provide personal impetus for the child to engage with and explore the music on their own terms, using pure imagination.

The Publication

As mentioned in my introduction, the cover to this PWM Edition (the work of the ever-brilliant Joanna Rusinek) is truly stunning, without doubt one of the most inviting music books I’ve ever seen:


The book within is printed on cream paper and is 12 pages long, presented in landscape format. Each two-page spread includes the bones of two compositions together with their corresponding performance instructions. In most cases there is also a cute pencil drawing.

The wonderful presentation here will surely inspire the curiosity of any learner, whether young or old, but the music within needs more unpacking than usual…

Tutorial Video

With that in mind I strongly recommend you watch PWM’s excellent tutorial video in which Ernestine Bluteau explains and vividly brings this music to life. For English subtitles click on the “CC” icon once the video starts:

Closing Thoughts

Having watched the video, it becomes clearer that one of these pieces could be taught within a lesson, perhaps as an occasional diversion from other music, in so-doing introducing the student to another rich seam of music.

As Maurice Hinson and Wesley Roberts write in their benchmark book Guide to the Pianist’s Repertoire,

“Many young pupils are more ready for this type of music than are their teachers.”

Why not put their theory to the test?


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Published by

Andrew Eales

Andrew Eales is a pianist, writer and teacher based in Milton Keynes UK, where he runs Keyquest Music - his successful independent music education business, private teaching practice and creative outlet.

6 thoughts on “Juliusz Łuciuk: Children’s Improvisations for piano”

  1. I would imagine the reaction of parents listening what do their children learn to play. They would probably think that a piano instructor is insane. Didn’t like it. Children can play like this on their own! Teacher needed to fix the hand position and ask create a loud or a soft sound!

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    1. Ha! Well it’s always helpful to explain to parents what we are teaching!

      But there are lots of dynamics in these pieces, and although atonal it’s equally possible and important to teach good technique when including them in the student’s repertoire.

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      1. I am actually going to teach some of those pieces to my own six and eleven year old children. Each of my students too, will receive one of those pieces. So many overtones there to savour. Birds party… – brilliant! We already know famous composer building his composing on that note. Funny, back in Poland, in state music school I went to, no teacher would think even for a second about pupils parents’ opinion on the pieces they teach. Lastly, he was Nadia’s student, there must be great value in his piano pedagogy. I’m eager to find out.

        Liked by 1 person

        1. Sadly here in the UK so much teaching is determined/dictated by exam boards that such interesting, adventurous and creative music tends to get squeezed out of the curriculum for many. I hope you enjoy this music – and that your children love it!

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