Ludovico Einaudi: Underwater

The PIANODAO MUSIC LIBRARY
Selected & Reviewed by ANDREW EALES


Ludovico Einaudi’s early solo piano albums, which included Le Onde (1996), I Giorni (2001), and Una Matina (2004), established him as the most well-known contemporary piano composer, his most classic pieces appearing ubiquitously from soundtracks to school concerts.

Over the years, he has consolidated his phenomenal success with a string of albums that have expanded his sound. Eden Rock (1999) introduced this wider instrumentation, and string parts have continued to take a particularly important role on albums such as In a Time Lapse (2013) and Elements (2015). Electronic elements and treatments have featured too, notably on Divenire (2006) and Nightbook (2009).

Underwater is Einaudi’s first full album of new solo piano music for two decades. The music was composed while the composer was isolated at his home in Italy. Working without any distractions or the usual commitments that come with his busy schedule, we are told that it is his manifesto for life, and a statement on a period during which the world around him was quiet and silent.

“I felt a sense of freedom to abandon myself and to let the music flow in a different way. I didn’t have a filter between me and what came out of the piano, it felt very pure.”

As a sometime fan of Einaudi’s work, I found Underwater strikingly different to listen to (as have others), and have been looking forward to considering the sheet music folio, which has recently been published by Chester Music / Hal Leonard, and is the subject of this review…


A New Sound

Listening to Underwater, one of the most immediately noticeable developments is the sound of the piano itself. Following in the vein of Nils Frahm and others, Einaudi has opted for the sound of the “felt piano”: a muffled, intimate tone that some listeners have apparently confused for a recording or CD pressing error.


Personally I love this sound, which draws the listener into Einaudi’s confidential cocoon. But it soon becomes clearer that there are other significant differences to Einaudi’s music on this album…

He himself suggests that these latest compositions are,

“songwriting, not composing. A fresh approach… a song is like a breath, it needs nothing more. The album is a place to freely reflect, a place without boundaries.”

Certainly the repetitions and mounting intensity of his most famous tracks don’t appear here with the same predictability. Instead, the music clings to its initial amity, and is composed, performed and presented with remarkable simplicity throughout.

The twelve new pieces are:

  • luminous
  • rolling like a ball
  • indian yellow
  • flora
  • natural light
  • almost june
  • swordfish
  • wind song
  • atoms
  • temple white
  • nobody knows
  • underwater

Given the plain lucidity of these pieces, it is appropriate for them to be played with effortless restraint. And in most cases they are in any case easier to manage and shorter on paper than their most lionised predecessors in the Einaudi canon. The composer has also largely avoided the sizeable hand stretches that populate several of his earlier pieces.

A player at late intermediate level (around Grades 4-5) would be able to attempt much of this music, while the early advanced player (at around Grades 6-7) would be able to communicate them with a full range of expression.

The Publication

Chester Music’s exclusive folio of these twelve pieces is printed on 64 white pages, with stapled binding, and housed in a gloss card cover bearing the same moody photography as the Decca CD recording.


A composer’s handwritten scores are always of interest, adding texture to our understanding of their music; happily in this instance the publishers have interpolated facsimiles of Einaudi’s manuscripts between most of the printed pieces.

The printed notation is generously spaced, which can only help the performer play the music with the spaciousness that it in turn deserves. As ever, Einaudi gives few performance directions, allowing the player considerable freedom to reimagine the music for themselves. No fingering has been included.

Listening to his recording alongside the score, I noticed that Einaudi often includes lengthy pauses for effect, which aren’t specified in the notation. There are also passages where the publisher has retained patterns that in performance Einaudi himself truncates to create further space. I mention this not as a criticism per se, but to remind the reader of the importance of using any sheet music in conjunction with appropriate performance practices, understanding, and in this case the artist’s original recordings.

To summarise, this a beautiful score, and one which any late intermediate player (or above) who has enjoyed the album is bound to find genuinely rewarding.

Closing Thoughts

It is a pity that the artistic credibility of Ludovico Einaudi’s work is so often dismissed by musical snobs and gatekeepers. Seemingly spurred on by a bristling sense that his success is unmerited, they bemoan its supposed lack of sophistication, virtuosity, and repetitive post-minimalism (tellingly, a charge not used to denigrate Philip Glass in the same breath).

But since when were inaccessibility or complexity the sole measures of quality in music? Seasoned musicians will always enjoy music that knowingly delights in artistic detail, but it is the approachable intimacy, effortless nostalgia, melancholic reflection and crystalline purity of Einaudi’s work which has so captured the affection of listeners around the world in these times, and understandably so.

Einaudi’s raw materials may indeed be “base elements”, but he is surely that rare miracle: a true musical alchemist. And Underwater is the purest gold.

It may not ultimately prove to be his best or most universally enduring work, but I have no qualms in declaring Underwater my personal favourite of his albums for many years.


PIANODAO TEA ROOM members receive 20% DISCOUNT on
all sheet music purchases from MUSICROOM • FIND OUT MORE

All products featured on Pianodao are independently selected by Andrew Eales.
However, when you buy something through the site’s retail links, Pianodao may earn a small commission, without affecting the price you pay.


Andrew’s essential handbook of practising tips:




PIANODAO includes more than 600 articles and reviews,
which are free for everyone, everywhere to access and read.
Please support the site by making a small donation.



Published by

Andrew Eales

Andrew Eales is a widely respected piano educator, published composer and author based on Milton Keynes UK.

10 thoughts on “Ludovico Einaudi: Underwater”

  1. Andrew, This review is an example of why I so appreciate your writing. I first heard of Einaudi only recently and only “glanced” at his work, because it was so unfamiliar to me. Your review helped me to understand why pianists on various piano learning sites are forming Einaudi practice groups and why I am suddenly hearing his name everywhere. Now, I want to listen to his works more deeply. I am not yet ready to play anything he has composed, but I am ready to start listening and learning, expanding my musical boundaries. Thank you so much.

  2. Thank you for sharing Einaudi’s work on “Underwater”. It has a whole different “feel” from his other music. Love your postings. Come back to Colorado!!!!! Linda King 

  3. Quite an engaging review. Thank you.

    Since becoming an adult piano returner (and learner), I have loved and deeply appreciated the musical creations of composer Ludovico Einaudi. His music “reached in and put a string of lights around my heart.” For me, the sound he emits has such depth and heart. It dives deep into the conscious mind and invigorates the Spirit. I hear many play his compositions but rarely reached the emotional depth of his music (much like covering music by musicians/artists as Miles Davis, Carlos Santana, Whitney Houston, Annie Lennox or Celine Dion – all instantly recognizable … and unique.) Perhaps as you stated, advanced players would do be able to “communicate them with a full range of expression.” (i.e. pianist Iris Hond exemplifies such in covering his compositions by making them her own.)

    Ludovico’s music has been an everyday primary source in my piano journey and practice. Thanks to his Graded Pieces For Piano, I began learning and playing his music at my beginning stages a couple of years ago. None of the piano teachers that I have encountered appreciated him so I continued to study him on my own along with the standard curriculum of Bach, Beethoven and Mozart.

    Again, thanks for such a wonderful and in-depth review of my favorite composer/pianist.

    1. Thanks for reading and for your perceptive comments. I am really happy to hear how much this music means to you 🙂

      If you need any support you can always use my video feedback service for masterclass advice. It would be an honour to hear and help you. A.

  4. After listening to the underwater, as an amateur, I felt peaceful, a pure world came in front of me, really immersed myself into music! Love this piece.

Please leave a Comment:

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.