Who needs piano lessons anyway?

Supporting Your Piano Playing Journey

As Chair of the European Piano Teachers’ Association, Mark Tanner seems an unlikely cheerleader for shunning expert tuition in favour of “teaching” oneself to play the piano. And yet in his new teach-yourself-book for older beginners, The Piano in Black and White (Faber Music, 2021), this is the path he advocates, enthusing:

“Learning to teach ourselves gives us the advantage of becoming masters of our own universe.”

Tanner ignores the obvious point that our own universe, without the guidance and insights of those more experienced and knowledgeable than us, might well prove to be a rather limited, small universe.

Tanner’s teach-yourself book is just the latest in a plethora of new apps, YouTube channels, books and videos claiming that beginners can learn to play the piano without the help (and expense) of a teacher. Popular though these DIY attempts seem to be, and welcome though a diversity of educational resources are, most truthfully recognise that it is beneficial to have personalised guidance from an expert.

Certainly we can cite examples of those rare geniuses who succeeded as pianists without being able to access tuition due to geography, generation, genes or genre. But within most musical traditions, historically and globally, instruction from a teacher has been and remains the norm. There are many compelling reasons for this.

The idea of “going it alone” in preference to learning from an experienced practitioner is neither heroic nor wise. This is true in any field, whether basket-weaving, developing a good golf swing, or learning to play the violin. Piano playing is no lesser a skill, no mere “button pressing”, and must not be portrayed as such.

Those of us who have learnt from good teachers will appreciate and be grateful for that privilege. We naturally support the teaching profession, having ourselves experienced the elevating qualities of a good music education, and are eager for others to enjoy the same benefits as we have.

In this post, I will explore those benefits.

What could possibly go wrong?

Without a teacher, we depend on and are ultimately limited by the resources that others have produced for our instruction. We are still in effect learning from teachers, but in a far more limited and limiting way.

We are impeded by our inability to assess the true quality of our music-making, and often struggle to connect the disparate discoveries we make in the absence of a carefully tailored curriculum and musically alert mentor. Ultimately, we all need to humbly accept our “unconscious incompetence”, that “we don’t know what we don’t know”, and forget about our ego.

Independent learning, self-motivation, a spirit of enquiry and curiosity are all essential. Learning under one’s own steam and under a teacher’s guidance are interdependent. A good teacher will steer and encourage students in their own learning, taking care to oversee that it has both breadth and balance. THey will help the player develop into a Three-Dimensional Pianist.

Over the last couple of decades I have taken on a number of teenagers and adults who were initially self-taught. Whether out of frustration or basic curiosity, they finally found their way to me in the hope that I might troubleshoot the problems holding them back, give them fresh ideas, or paper over the cracks before a performance or audition.

Invariably they have been taken aback to find out how, with just a little expert guidance, they could easily improve as players, and find more freedom and joy developing their own artistry.

The Shared Journey

So here are some of the many ways in which having a good teacher makes a huge difference, often missed by those who “teach” themselves:


  • identify and help you fix problems of pulse, rhythm and flow of which you are unaware.
  • help you to understand phrasing by modelling the sound, working with you to improve the dynamic contours in your playing.
  • help you develop a better awareness and appreciation of tonal production, evenness, voicing between parts, and musical quality.
  • support your aural development with personally tailored listening exercises.
  • help you develop your creativity, using step-by-step approaches to improvisation, composition and interpretation.
  • encourage your ability to communicate directly with an informed listener through your playing.
  • explain and demonstrate issues of interpretation in a wide range of music styles, genres, and from different historical periods.
  • help you to develop healthy posture, hand positions, and fundamental whole-body technique with attuned awareness.
  • help you improve the quality of your physical movement and breathing when playing.
  • troubleshoot physical problems, offering suggested solutions to issues which are holding you back and impeding fluency and control.
  • identify unrecognised physical tension and offer advice, support, and if necessary refer you to an expert to help you avoid common injury.
  • support the development of accuracy in your playing by helping you apply the right technique to the right passage of music.
  • help you develop a range of good pedalling techniques.
  • help you develop good fingering technique and work with you to discover effective personalised fingering patterns for the pieces you are playing.
  • help you develop a sensitive and detailed range of touch and articulation.
  • devise or recommend physical and technical exercises aimed at solving specific problems you have encountered.
  • give you suggestions and specific insight into how to practice the particular music you are working on in order to fulfil your aims.
  • explain musical notation, terminology, and identify any misunderstanding or mistakes in your reading and understanding of the pieces you are playing.
  • explain music theory concepts, carefully checking the scaffold of understanding you are developing, and ensuring concepts are properly connected and applied.
  • develop your sight-reading ability using carefully structured and personalised methods and materials.
  • hold you to account learning the basic scales, arpeggios and other studies necessary for progress.
  • give you a more informed structural overview of the music you are studying, teaching you to analyse and recognise musical form as appropriate.
  • explain the cultural context and background of the music you are playing, based on their extensive study, and discuss your own discoveries with you as a mentor-friend.
  • offer appropriate suggestions for listening, helping you develop your awareness and breadth of musical language.
  • point you towards repertoire that is appropriate to your level, inspiring to play, and developmental in your piano journey.
  • discuss the meaning of music you are playing: personal, social and historical.
  • guide your learning using a well-structured and balanced curriculum, and a wide range of resources as identified.
  • help you to reflect on your learning more honestly, giving regular feedback about progress and ongoing areas for improvement.
  • give you the opportunity to play on their piano, experiencing how this is different to your home practice instrument.
  • provide opportunities for performance and informal music sharing with others as appropriate.
  • introduce you to other players and musical activities and events within you region and community.
  • discuss the suitability of other courses, learning materials, online resources and apps, monitoring their impact on your progress.
  • offer a listening ear when you are troubled and struggling, accompanied by empathetic advice and support.
  • provide a level of accountability from one session to the next.
  • help you to understand and enjoy your own piano journey in a broader context.
  • be your friend on the journey.

Any one of the many things on this long list is sufficient to justify the cost of an occasional consultation session. Taken together though, they deliver overwhelming confirmation of the true value of professional piano tuition, in stark contrast to trying to teach oneself using only books, apps or videos.

Let’s Walk Together

For many of us, music is one of the deepest pools of our human experience, both individually and communally. Piano playing is fundamentally a living tradition, shared and passed between generations of players.

It is possible, wondrous even, to wander into the creative maelstrom alone. But how much more energising and enriching to share our music and playing in relationship with others. As our own realised potential develops, so too do our musical and learning relationships with others.

As the ever-wise Deng Ming-Dao eloquently but succinctly observes:

“Teacher and student
Walk the path side by side.
They share their destinies
Until their paths diverge.”

Piano lessons aren’t “for EVER”. But nor, clearly, are they “for NEVER”.

As a piano teacher, I naturally have an interest in pitching my stall. And as a friend of other piano teachers, I want to support and encourage their work with honesty, consistency and integrity.

I neither find it difficult to speak up for the piano teaching profession, nor to defend the importance of music education at a time when it is under threat as never before. I welcome the multiplicity and variety of learning resources available to help students at the piano, but have an unshakable conviction that they should be used in conjunction with the right teacher.

As Murray McLachlan, international concert pianist, Head of Piano at Chetham’s Music School, and a former Chair of EPTA so eloquently put it,

“The important thing to remember if you are an adult amateur pianist in search of a teacher is that there is a piano mentor out there who will love to have you as a student and with whom you will adore studying…
If you have decided that piano lessons are for you, you should congratulate yourself for embracing a hobby that could become a passion for the rest of your life, and you should remember to hold your head up high.”

Murray McLachlan, Pianist magazine, 62, Oct/Nov 2011.

I want to echo Murray’s words and encourage any piano enthusiast with this exhortation: seek out personalised support from a mentor or teacher who can help you make the very most of your love for playing.

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Published by

Andrew Eales

Andrew Eales is a widely respected piano educator, writer and composer based on Milton Keynes UK. His book HOW TO PRACTISE MUSIC is published by Hal Leonard.

12 thoughts on “Who needs piano lessons anyway?”

  1. I couldn’t agree more. Even after taking years of lessons and having a music degree, I still get an enormous amount from my teacher (I had a lesson yesterday and it was the most intellectually stimulating part of my week – I came away recharged and inspired). None of the online resources out there (I’ve studied several, some of which were excellent, and even recommended some) can replace a face-to-face interaction with a teacher.

  2. I agree piano teachers are vital and precious. They are not just an essentail role in someone’s music education but are so valuable in bringing up the next generation or supporting a fellow human being through the highs and lows of the human experience. Enid Oughtibridge my piano teacher from late intermediate to advanced level showed me such loving kindness as I struggled in my teenage years, it was life changing. Christine Brown, my teacher in later years was the person who gave me the confidence, encouragement and knowledge to become a music education writer. I pay homage to them both here. My life was truly blessed having them it it. Where ever they are in the universe my thanks to them both is unreserved. Wishing piano teachers everywhere all the very best for the summer term. An army of people supporting their students out of the pandemic to happier times.

    1. Lovely thoughts Karen – thanks for sharing with clarity and (as always) warmth! I know from our many conversations how inspiring your teachers were, as indeed were mine.

      We cannot ever forget!

  3. I started learning to play the piano in later life, without any musical background. Years later, I am still learning, it has been a slow journey. I had a very good teacher, then a few not so good ones, and then my present teacher who is brilliant. Playing and having the lessons has become the most important part of my life and, during this past year, it has meant that the lockdowns and restrictions have hardly bothered me ! Having no knowledge of music, I could not have learned without a teacher. Even now, more than one month without a lesson and I am lost. I can make no progress on my own. I have to say that the teacher has to be very good and they have to believe in older learners.

    1. I have long been intrigued by the many websites (often US based) claiming to have found the elixir to successful piano learning online (a one size fits all approach). It can take a lot of courage to share one’s own fumbling as an adult learner with someone who knows their stuff. Perhaps therein lies a certain reluctance to bare one’s soul and aspirations in what could be potentially a humiliating experience, even if that feeling is based on a certain irrationality perhaps compounded by previous piano learning experiences.

      Therein lies the commercial rationale for going it alone. The great sadness about that, apart from the almost inevitable lack of progress, is the deception it plants in the mind of the customer that they are in fact doing rather well. Awareness is everything, and that is at the heart of the journey.
      If our aspiration, as teachers, is to ultimately lead our pupils to the place where they no longer need a teacher – echoing the same venerable path as that of the novice who wishes to become a Zen Master – then that is something completely different.

      The relationship is all – something we would do well to remember and which Yeats so eloquently put: “I have spread my dreams under your feet; Tread softly because you tread on my dreams.”

  4. For the past few years, my niece has been showing interest in music. My brother thinks that it might be good for him to sign her up for piano classes. thanks for explaining that expert guidance is best to help her avoid any problems.

  5. Hi Andrew, this is such a big resource that really lays out some incredible points for why you should be using a teacher. My son has been learning piano, but doesn’t want to continue his lessons, feeling that he’s teaching himself more off of Youtube. I’ll read this with him and hope it helps.

    1. Hi Dave – I hope it eases some positive discussion and understanding of the issues.
      Learning with YouTube videos can certainly give a sense of rapid progress. But as when building a wall, if the foundations aren’t good it can all come crashing down.
      A possibility is of course that your son’s teacher isn’t a good match for him. Even the best teacher isn’t the “right” one for everyone.

  6. Its great when you said that piano lessons can help you develop a sensitive and detailed range of touch and articulation. I really want to go to piano classes because I have been interested in playing the piano since I was young. Thanks for the information on piano lessons and I hope that I can find a great piano center soon.

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